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L ANDSCAPE A RCHITECTURE AND P UBLIC W ELFARE 代寫

    L ANDSCAPE  A RCHITECTURE AND  P UBLIC  W ELFARE
    A F OUNDATION  P APER BY  ERIN R ESEARCH FOR THE 
    C OUNCIL OF  L ANDSCAPE  A RCHITECTURAL  R EGISTRATION  B OARDS
    Executive Summary
    2  Landscape Architecture and Public Welfare| CLARB
    B ACKGROUND
    L ANDSCAPE  A RCHITECTURE AND  P UBLIC  W ELFARE  代寫
    In the interest of public health, safety and welfare, the practice of landscape architecture is
    licensed in 50 U.S. states and three Canadian provinces, requiring the demonstration of
    competence through a combination of education, experience and rigorous examination.
    Despite licensure’s emphasis on health and safety, experience suggests that the role landscape
    architecture plays in advancing “public welfare” is poorly understood—to the detriment of society
    and the profession. The results of this study provide a practical, new framework for understanding
    public welfare and how the profession uniquely contributes to its advancement.
    These findings have reignited an important conversation on a poorly defined, understood, and
    appreciated area of the practice of landscape architecture that represents a substantial portion of
    its body of knowledge and application and differentiates it from other related disciplines.
    R ESEARCH  O BJECTIVE AND  M ETHODS
    The primary objective of the research was to develop a holistic, working definition of public
    welfare and to make explicit the major ways it is impacted by the practice of landscape
    architecture.
    The core research method was a review and analysis of relevant literature and exemplary case
    studies, supplemented by consultations with an advisory group comprised of professionals,
    academicians, and industry association leaders.
    The findings were synthesized and presented in a foundation paper intended for use by a diverse
    audience that includes legislators, political decision-makers, practitioners, students, academics,
    allied professionals, and interested members of the general public.
    K EY  F INDINGS
    L ANDSCAPE  A RCHITECTURE AND  P UBLIC  W ELFARE  代寫
    The concept of public welfare blends two fundamental ideas: the public realm and welfare or well-
    being.
    “Welfare” has maintained its current sense of “well-being” since Chaucer’s time. The idea of a
    public realm emerged as a third order of society, separate from church and state, as these
    institutions gradually ceded their once absolute authority. The concept gathered force during the
    16th century and continues to evolve today.
    Public welfare rests on the well-being of the natural world.
    Public welfare in the context of landscape architecture means the stewardship of natural
    environments and of human communities in order to enhance social, economic, psychological,
    cultural and physical functioning, now and in the future.
    3  Landscape Architecture and Public Welfare| CLARB
    Landscape architecture impacts public welfare in seven distinct, observable ways.
    1. Enhances environmental sustainability by responding to development challenges with
    solutions that involve sensitivity towards natural systems. At the site design level landscape
    architects integrate sustainability measures into all designs. Their work protects natural systems
    ensuring that all community members have access to common resources and are involved in
    active conservation.
    2. Contributes to economic sustainability by assisting policy makers and others to improve the
    marketability and long-term value of residential and commercial housing/property. Economic
    benefits include reduction of crime, smart development and growth, improved air and water
    quality, efficient energy use, enhanced quality of life and health, and access to culture and
    recreation.
    3. Promotes public health and well-being by making connections between human health and
    well-being and the conditions of the outdoor environment. Landscape architecture projects
    directly affect the mental and physical health of individuals and communities and provide
    immediate and lasting therapeutic benefits.
    4. Builds community by creating attractive, functional places. Landscape architects encourage
    people to engage in their surroundings, strengthening social cohesion, which results in healthier,
    more dynamic, more resilient communities at the local, national and global levels.
    5. Encourages landscape awareness and stewardship by stimulating our awareness of the
    landscape, and increasing our understanding of the role that humans play in it. Landscape
    architects encourage citizens to appreciate the landscape and to participate in the processes that
    shape it. Cultivating a symbiotic and iterative relationship between people and their environment,
    the practice encourages protection, stewardship and understanding of the landscape.
    6. Offers aesthetic and creative experiences that artists offer: the opportunity to experience
    enjoyment, contentment, stimulation or pleasure by participating in the aesthetic experience of
    landscape. An important part of this dimension is the preservation and protection of significant
    historic properties, buildings, structures, districts, cultural landscapes, artistic objects and
    archaeological elements.
    L ANDSCAPE  A RCHITECTURE AND  P UBLIC  W ELFARE  代寫
    7. Enables communities to function more effectively by enabling people to function more
    effectively in their environments. Landscape architects facilitate many critical human activities and
    functions such as efficient traffic flow, parking, waste collection/recycling, water use/drainage, air
    quality, optimal use of space.
    4  Landscape Architecture and Public Welfare| CLARB
    S IGNIFICANCE OF THE  R ESEARCH  T O THE  P ROFESSION AND  P UBLIC
    Initial implications to the profession of landscape architecture may include:
    •  A concise, logical, supportable set of themes, messages, and appeals for the profession
    to better communicate its value to diverse audiences.
    •  Contribute to enhanced, more relevant scope of practice at the jurisdictional level and
    clearer expression of “welfare” concepts in critical standards, such as the “Landscape
    Architect Registration Examination” (L.A.R.E.).
    •  Deepen an important source of inquiry for institutions and creates an opportunity to
    further connect planning and design concepts to practice in a way that enriches the
    profession and serves society through better quality of life.
    O PPORTUNITIES FOR  F URTHER  I NQUIRY
    The study identified three key opportunities for further exploration:
    •  Further develop sound, practical methods of measuring the impacts of landscape
    architecture on public welfare and to integrate them into practice.
    •  Identify, develop, and systematically collect additional case studies that illustrate the
    important impacts of public welfare and deepen understanding of the profession’s impact
    on it.
    L ANDSCAPE  A RCHITECTURE AND  P UBLIC  W ELFARE  代寫
    •  Conduct interdisciplinary research involving communications and the social sciences with
    a goal being to develop more effective methods for communicating qualitative, less-
    tangible impacts associated with the practice of landscape architecture.
    Please contact the CLARB office at vmeadows@clarb.org or 1-571-432-0332 to obtain a copy
    or copies of the full report.
    A BOUT THE  C OUNCIL OF  L ANDSCAPE  A RCHITECTURAL  R EGISTRATION  B OARDS
    CLARB exists to promote public health, safety and welfare in the practice of landscape
    architecture. It accomplishes this goal by supporting its member state/provincial licensure boards
    that regulate the practice in 48 U.S. states, Puerto Rico and two Canadian provinces. Key
    CLARB services include:
    •  Establishing and promoting standards for their professional competency and conduct,
    and examining, certifying, and communicating their competency.
    •  Providing information and resources on the value and benefits of the licensed practice of
    landscape architecture.
    For more information visit www.clarb.org.
    L ANDSCAPE  A RCHITECTURE AND  P UBLIC  W ELFARE  代寫
英国代写_数学代写_c++/c代写_留学生代写怎么查出来?

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